Sunday, 19 June 2016
Referendum - a Disaster on Legs
The EU Referendum Campaign has been a disaster on legs, for a number of reasons.
First, because it was called for all the wrong reasons. David Cameron,seeking to deal with a split in the Conservative Party, made a pledge in the manifesto to hold an in/out referendum by the end of 2017. "We will legislate in the first session of the next Parliament for an in-out referendum to be held on Britain’s membership of the EU before the end of 2017. We will negotiate a new settlement for Britain in the EU. And then we will ask the British people whether they want to stay in on this basis, or leave. We will honour the result of the referendum, whatever the outcome." He's fulfilled that pledge - which is why we are where we are. Personally, I don't believe that a referendum is consonant with our understanding of Parliamentary democracy. We elect a government to govern. Referenda inevitably ask simplistic questions about issues that are not susceptible of yes/no answers without a huge amount of explanation of the complexity of the question. They are no way for a society to make decisions.
Two consequences follow.
(1) The bald promise to hold a referendum set out above has been implemented with no real thinking through of the consequences if there is a vote to leave. Cameron made a promise - but there is no plan for what happens on 24th June if we vote to leave.
(2) The referendum has lit the blue touchpaper on a "debate" which is almost entirely undefined in its scope. As we have seen over the past weeks, everything and anything can be dragged into the campaign - which has been used by many as a proxy for every grievance they might have about politics and the political process.
So, we have been in a game with no game plan and no rules of conduct.
What has happened is detrimental to politics and the political process. Both sides have used misleading figures and information to conduct an argument that has been more like a childish spat in the playground than a measured examination of the issues. The electorate have been fed with ever more cooked statistics and exaggeration. It's virtually impossible for the average voter to discover some facts. There are a few places one can go:
Professor Michael Dougan from Liverpool University on the legal position https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=USTypBKEd8Y (though he is probably a little too calm in skating over the position and accountability of the EU Commissioners).
On the figures that are traded with puzzling discrepancy, the BBC's excellent More or Less is available as a podcast here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b07jczmc
And Full Fact website also has some helpful disentangling https://fullfact.org/europe/
I'd recommend a good look at any of this stuff before you make up your mind which way to vote.
There's a rather worrying implication for all of us from the experience of the debate thus far. It strikes at the heart of our democratic institutions. Parliament seems not to realise how much most people distrust politicians at Westminster. They still haven't got that, although there my be a theoretical commitment to Parliamentary democracy among the populace at large, people's experience of it as expressed in the Westminster Village is that they find it puerile (PMQs), out of touch, and nowhere near the experience of their real lives.
This is brought into relief in the sadness and shock expressed at the murder of Jo Cox MP. Note the almost universal expressions of affection, respect, and admiration for a woman who was deeply committed to justice and campaigning for a better world, and was, by all accounts, a superb constituency MP. And there's the rub. People value greatly the experience they have of their individual local MPs. I can't speak too highly of those from both Conservative and Labour Parties who serve my Episcopal Area here in NW London. But the collective voice and the antics of the House of Commons is something else. It's not liked, it's not respected, and it does itself no favours. In the midst of that deep distrust of our democratic institutions, we lob a time bomb - a referendum which allows all that distrust to be expressed, exacerbated by a free-for-all without rules in the social media and in the press. Result - a campaign where fear, misrepresentation, and paranoia become the currency of public discourse.
There are only a few days to go before we vote. I'm completely unconvinced by the Leave Campaign and will be voting to Remain. Here are a few reasons why:
1. Leave is based on a romantic attachment to a UK that is long gone. We made our decision back in 1975 to throw in our lot with Europe (I voted against at the time), but having made that commitment, our economic and social future is inextricably bound into the interdependence we have with our neighbours and friends. The Leave Campaign seeks to evoke a "Britain is great on its own" approach which simply isn't real.
2. The EU, though it is still in need of serious reform (and David Cameron's "renegotiation" achieved very little in this regard) is important for progressive and liberal political values. Leave is backed by too many people whose approach is retrograde and reactionary - and who would seek to take our society backwards, not forwards. As an example of the issues that Brexit would divert us away from, have a look at the website of the Global Justice Forum. http://www.globaljustice.org.uk/resources/eu-referendum-radical-case-remain-europe
3. Of course, I'm a Christian. Christians find themselves on both sides of this debate. But my Christian faith leads me to be internationalist and not nationalistic, progressive and not reactionary, worshipping and following a God of the future. It also predisposes me to want justice for the refugee, the orphan and the deprived, and makes me deeply suspicious of the motives and policies of those who (for example) want us to leave in order to control immigration (which has been used disproportionately as a fear factor in this referendum).
4. Finally, as is well known, I am no supporter of the Conservative Party. But I see among those who are arguing for us to Vote Leave a collection of right-wing neo-liberals who, if they take power in place of David Cameron will take us further into the policies of free-market experimental economic and social policies that are already damaging our country - and particularly the poor and vulnerable. Unfettered and unmediated by the more socially cohesive members of the Conservative Party, and in fief to UKIP, they will march us down an isolationist road from which there will be no turning back.
The only way to prevent this nightmare scenario is to vote Remain.